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What is Dabbing? A Beginner's Guide to Dabs

What is Dabbing? A Beginner's Guide to Dabs

Samantha Catrambone |

Dabbing has become one of the most popular cannabis trends among stoners and it's easy to see why. Dabs are discreet, portable, fast-acting, and virtually odorless. With so many ways to dabble in the wax game, figuring out how to start dabbing can be a daunting task. Luckily, the Ooze crew has created a beginner's guide to help you dab like a pro. With the right knowledge and equipment, dabbing can be just as easy as smoking regular weed. This guide will provide you with everything you need to start dabbing so you can finally see what all the buzz is about!

What are Dabs? 

A dab is a concentrated form of cannabis made using an extraction process that isolates the THC cannabinoid out of plant material. They offer a high concentration of THC in comparison to marijuana flower.  While your typical cannabis plant has a THC potency range of 15-30%, cannabis concentrates can have a potency of up to 90%.

Ooze Slugger in pink and blue with dabs

What is Dabbing? 

Dabbing is the term used to define the process of smoking dabs. The effects of dabbing are fast acting compared to the effects of smoking weed. Dabs also have a significantly higher melting point than marijuana flower and will require more heat than your average lighter can produce.

To get started on your first dabbing adventure, you will need a dab rig or a dab pen and their required accessories. Below we have compiled a list of industry words that will be helpful to know while beginning your journey.

Dab Dictionary

Atomizer- An atomizer is a small heating element that takes your cannabis concentrate and converts it into a vaporized mist.

Dab Atomizers in black, gold, rainbow, and silver

Banger- A banger (also known as a dab nail) is the dab rig equivalent to the bowl in a bong. They come in many sizes and are usually made of glass, quartz, or titanium in order to withstand high temperatures.

Banger For Dab Rig

Cannabis Concentrates- An extract from the marijuana plant with a high THC concentration made using several extraction techniques. There are many types of cannabis concentrates with different characteristics such as texture, potency, consistency, and color.

Dabs in three different containers with ooze sticker and pen in background
  • Wax- A form of cannabis concentrate that has a similar texture to the wax in candles. It is also an umbrella term for many forms of concentrates. It can be very sticky and should be handled using a dabbing tool. 
  • Crumble- Crumble wax has a sand-like consistency and is dry in comparison to other concentrates. Crumble is great for someone that smokes out of a dab pen because it is easy to load into the atomizer 
  • Budder- Budder wax has a smooth consistency like butter. This is the creamiest type of wax and is a fan favorite among cannabis connoisseurs.   
  • Shatter- A form of cannabis concentrates with a similar look and feel to glass. Wax shatter is usually clear or amber and is made in thin sheets that can be shattered into small dab-sized pieces    
  • Rosin- A form of cannabis concentrate that is made without a solvent. Instead, Rosin is created using heat, pressure, and a hydraulic press. This process removes the plant resin from the flower itself, which means the concentrate still has the flavorful terpenes you would find in a marijuana plant.

Carp Cap- A carb cap is a dab accessory designed to cover the banger. This traps in heat which delivers adjustable airflow and pressure. While not technically necessary, carb caps come in many styles and enhance any dab sesh.  

Dab Mat- Dab Mats are a great smoke sesh accessory, especially for anyone interested in using a dab rig. Usually made with non-stick heat-resistant silicone, dab mats are the perfect surface for keeping your dab rig and accessories on. Plus, they provide users with a place to adjust and control their dabs to get the right amount every time.

Dab Depot 3 in 1 trays

Dab Pen- Dab pens are vape pens designed specifically for vaping dabs. They usually consist of a battery, a coil, and an atomizer or globe attachment.

Dab Pen set

Dab Rig- A dab rig is basically a bong for dabs. Instead of using a bowl, dab rigs are used with a banger. Dab rigs come in many shapes and sizes. Another difference between a bong and a dab rig is the accessories. Dab Rigs will require a dabber tool, a torch, and a carb cap.

Blue Dab Rig

Dabber- A dabber is a dab tool that is used to pick up concentrate so it can be placed in a smoking device. Usually, dabbers have one pointy side and one rounded side so that they can be used to handle all types of concentrates.

Concentrates are notoriously sticky and hard to handle, so Ooze took matters into their own hands and created the Hot Knife! This can turn any 510 thread vape pen battery into an electric dabber with a ceramic tip that heats up. This allows the extract to slide right off the end and right into the banger.

Rainbow Dabbers

E-Nail- An electronic nail is a device that provides ample heat regulation by heating your dab consistently. E-nails come with a controller box that delivers heat to the nail. They're a great option for someone who finds using a torch intimidating or inconsistent.

Reclaim Catcher- A reclaim catcher does exactly what the name entails: It catches reclaim to ensure that none of that leftover concentrate goes to waste. 

Solvents- Most cannabis concentrates are made using an extraction process with a solvent. Solvents are liquids that can extract materials without altering the chemical makeup of the material or the solvent. In the cannabis industry, solvents are used to extract cannabinoids. Popular solvents in the industry are butane, propane, alcohol, and ethanol. 

Torch- A dab torch provides high heat to bangers and nails so they're the right temperature for smoking dabs. A regular lighter will not work for dabs because of the required high melting point.

Green Torch with Blue Slugger Nectar Collector

How to Use a Dab Rig

Using an oil rig might seem complex but, it can be easy to master. The Ooze Toxic Barrel Mini Rig is a great dab rig for beginners, and its function is impressive enough to wow even the most seasoned dab veterans. It is an all-quartz piece, which means the entire thing can handle extreme heat with ease. This is a mini dab rig, which means it's small in stature and comfortable to hold. Less air = more flavor! Terpenes lose their potent flavor when exposed to air, so the less air inside a dab rig, the better. This mini rig packs tons of flavor into every hit!

The Toxic Mini Rig provides all the accessories needed to dab: a carb cap, dabber, and silicone glass Geode stash jar to store concentrates. All you need is a torch! Here is how to use it:


  1. Add a dab to the tip of your dabber and have it ready for use.
  2. Fill the base with water through the mouthpiece with enough water for it to bubble, covering the end of the downstem should be the perfect level.
  3. Insert the quartz banger into your rig. 
  4. Heat the banger with your torch until the banger starts to turn red (about 20-60 seconds). 
  5. Now you wait. This is the point in the process where each person has their own preference of the perfect wait time. We recommend waiting about 20 seconds, but do your own experimenting to see if you prefer a hotter or lower temperature dab. 
  6. Insert your dabber into the banger, or press the button to heat the tip of the Hot Knife to drop the dab in as you take a big rip, and cover the banger with the carb cap if you have one on hand.

The Ooze Toxic Barrel quartz mini dab rig is on a purple background. A white hand is holding a white Ooze Slim Twist vape pen with an Ooze Hot Knife electric dab tool attachment on it. The tool is adding a dab of concentrate to the banger.

If you are a visual learner, check out the Ooze Kettle 101 video on YouTube! 

How to Use a Dab Pen

Dab Pens are the easiest way to dip your toes into the world of wax. They are affordable, portable, and easy to use. You can purchase a dab pen as a complete kit or add a globe attachment/wax atomizer to a vape battery if you already have one. Either way, all dab pens will follow very similar steps. This is our step-by-step guide on how to use a dab pen featuring the Ooze Fusion Dab Pen Kit

  1. Add a dab to your dabber and have it ready for use. 
  2. Pick out what coil you feel like using (the Fusion comes with a ceramic donut coil, a single ceramic coil, and a dual quartz coil).
  3. Attach the coil to the vape battery and load your dab onto the coil.
  4. Screw on the discreet reaction chamber.
  5. Turn your pen on (click 5 times), hold the button, and inhale the vapor!
Girl holding Gold Ooze Fusion Dab Pen with Dabber and yellow Dab container with snow and black shoes with yellow laces in background.

Take Away

Getting into dabs might seem complicated and confusing, but with practice, it doesn't have to be. Just remember to always purchase your concentrate from a reputable source. Sketchy materials can be used to cut costs so make sure to ask for lab results!

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